want to host a Cross Country Air Race?
This document will provide much of the information you will need to do a good job of it, and perhaps to help
you decide if you really want to go there in the first place.
You may have attended a race, or many races, in the past and came away with the impression
that, “There’s nothing to this – I can host a race too!”
The good news is, you’re right – you, too, can host a race!
The “bad” news is, just
as in any field of endeavor, experienced people can make something incredibly difficult and stressful look easy.
There’s a ton of work that
has already gone on by the time you show up at a race, and much that continues to go on in the background to make a race happen
safely and successfully. When you sign up to host a race you are obligating your time and energy (and some dollars!) for months
of prep work and then for several days leading up to the race, and of course race day itself.
We prefer a new race host to have attended a race and had
a chance to experience the environment, talk to another host and see first-hand how the events are run.
It would be very difficult for a person to simply
read about what we do and then administer a race on their own.
So if you’re still interested, read on!
Your first assignment will be to go and read and become familiar with the SARL Rules
and Regs: http://sportairrace.org/id435.html
Once you have that information under your belt, consider the following:
The schedule has been set for 2012. See http://sportairrace.org/id4.html
Since 2011 SARL has opted to carry liability insurance for its race
is meant to cover the race host against liability claims in the event of an accident (God forbid!). Specifically, the insurance
will cover the cost of an attorney to defend the host in court, saying they were not negligent in designing the course or
administering the race, and could not help the fact that a racer ran their aircraft out of gas, or exceeded their aircraft’s
structural limits, or flew too low, or failed to maintain control of their aircraft, etc.
SARL insurance is not meant to be glommed onto by the airport,
city, county or any other entity demanding they be added as an “additional insured” to the policy. Airports and
cities have their own insurance, you can bet on that, and adding them to the SARL insurance costs us money.
SARL policy will be to not add these
entities as a matter of principle, as well as cost. If that’s a deal-buster for your race location, then you’re
better off racing from somewhere else.
In 2011 it was a requirement of our policy that all racers be League members. For this reason we instituted
a “Provisional membership” for those who were racing only because the event was at their airport and they were
interested to see what it was like. We allowed one Provisional membership per season per racer, and on their second race they
owed the full membership balance. This added a layer of complexity to our race fee structure, but not unmanageable. More on
that in the next section.
the beginning of the year we will submit the races scheduled for the year and get insurance quotes based on how many races
we plan to run and where they are.
We’ll then start the membership drive for the new year, to cover the insurance cost. 2011 was our first
year to insure – we’ll see how 2012 goes.
Every race has a Race Entry Fee that is intended to cover host expenses like a Friday night
Meet and Greet (customary but not required), awards and a lunch on Saturday.
SARL races are not an opportunity for anyone to get rich, but neither do we expect
a race host to come away in the red. Inexpensive, home-made awards and stickers are the norm.
Many races offer very nice awards, T-shirts, and catered
lunch. Many times those items are sponsored.
On the other end of the scale we’ve had printed race certificates and home-made peanut butter and jelly
sandwiches with a bag of chips for lunch.
It’s hard to remember at which race we had more fun.
The point is, the former is nice, but the latter makes for just as fun an event, for
most of us.
the race entry fees have run about $30; some less, some more. For 2012 each race will pay a fixed sanction fee to SARL of
$10 per racer flown. The sanction fee has covered costs of the larger organization such as end of the year awards, web site
hosting cost, and any technology enhancements we can obtain (data loggers for check out, a small PA system, laptop computer
for SARL operations, and eventually real-time GPS trackers for all racers, to name a few expenses).
Each race host should calculate the sanction fee into their
race entry fee to make sure their expenses are covered. e.g. If you charge $30 and fly 20 racers, you take in $600 and send
$200 to SARL, so the net amount you have to cover your race costs is $400.
To complicate matters we have a Provisional membership fee of $10 that makes a racer
“member for a day” for insurance purposes. They can take advantage of that once per season, after which if they
race again we assume they’re hooked and ready to pay the balance of a full membership. I will help keep all of that
straight and on race day I provide the race host with the status of all their registered racers, and what they will owe at
of our races are very expensive – AVC, for instance, at $250…but they have a lot of expenses to pay out from
those fees. AVC is also not covered under our insurance hence the Provisional membership does not apply.
It is more in keeping with the spirit of SARL to offer
a race at low cost and forego the amenities, or obtain sponsorship for the T-shirts and trophies and such.
The primary concern at SARL is the safety of our racers, not to mention anyone and everyone
on the ground.
are overflight of sensitive areas; habitats, refuges, State or National parks. See SARL Rule 51 F), G),
H), I) and J).
priority is readily recognizable turn points. This is why it’s best for race hosts to be race pilots – they know
what we’re looking for in a turn point! We’ve used all manner of objects and terrain features for turn points,
but the person devising a course should also consider its suitability for non-GPS-equipped racers who use the start line and
course bearings to run the race. Give them something to see!
You are welcome (and encouraged!) to take a first cut at your preferred course, but the final
layout is subject to approval based on safety and observation of Rule 51.
I may make suggestions for re-routing, or re-sequencing if I believe it necessary, and eventually
we’ll come to an agreement on the route. If we fail to do that then we will remove your race from the schedule and hopefully
We will not
compromise on safety.
start and more importantly, finish procedures must also pass muster.
We have learned a thing or two over the last five years of organizing and executing races.
We’ve tried almost everything – have seen What works well but have also had a few “Let’s never
do that again!” moments.
Any recommendations I make are not adversarial, nor do they originate in an ego. I want your race to go off
as smoothly and as safely as possible, and will offer all of my skills and experience to help make that happen.
As mentioned above in the Course discussion,
we’ve tried just about every method of getting planes off and back that there is.
The best and safest method for launching and recovering
race aircraft is a moving target, affected by your course, the airport layout, the expected direction of takeoff and landing,
how many racers you expect to attend, to name several factors.
Please rely on our expertise when it comes time to set your procedures.
A sample Briefing outline follows. Add
or subtract depending on your race environment:
- Thanks to volunteers and
- Roll call
and departure ops
- Start procedure
- Radio calls
- Race frequencies
- Turn Points
- Hazards/emergency landing places
- Finish procedure
- Landing procedure
- Launch order
Some things you need to consider for your timer’s brief are:
- Make sure they understand the importance
of their job. People invest a lot of money and time to attend races, and if the timing doesn’t go well, it will
have all been for naught. This is why we double up the timing teams.
- Make sure they know that, Yes, we are serious about our racing. One of our hosts had to continually shush
a couple of timers who were continually chatting and not paying attention when aircraft came over. Their response
was, “Oh come on – they’re not that serious, are they?” As if the race was just a lark.
- Keep any spectators away from your timers. If you can separate them physically,
do it. Spectators ask questions and distract from the primary job of the timers – timing!
- Make sure they all know how to operate whatever equipment you will be using. Even
stop watches – you would be surprised how many people do not know what a “lap time” is or how to use
that stopwatch function. It would be really bad for someone to press “Stop” rather than “Lap”
in the middle of timing aircraft.
- Make sure everyone has an assignment.
The timing will go smoother if everyone has a job and knows what their job is, rather than just shuffle people out
to the start line without direction.
Timing the Race
You will need a minimum of five volunteers to help you time the race.
Secondary to ensuring the safety of everyone, making sure the
timing goes well is your main concern. Your racers will all spend hundreds of dollars each coming to the race, staying overnight
and returning home. For the timing to go bad is the worst thing that could happen.
You will need one
person who is preferably a pilot, who knows a Cessna from a Bonanza from a Lancair from an RV. That person will be equipped
with a radio and will be the spotter and team leader for the timing team.
Then you will need two teams of two: A person running the
clock and a recorder. Having two teams may on the face of it seem redundant, but this serves a dual purpose: Both teams get
and record a start and finish time for each racer. If one team misses one racer, hopefully the other team got them. Also,
on a close finish it will be impossible to hack the first plane, call the time, restart the clock and hack the second racer.
This is where the whole team operates together – the Team Leader (spotter) makes an assignment, saying, “You get
the first plane, you get the second plane”. Each timing team gets the plane they were assigned and
everyone gets a time – everyone is happy!
What equipment you need for timing a race depends on if the start
and finish lines are at the same physical place. If they are the same, you can use regular stopwatches that have a lap-time
button. Lap-times are when you can push a button and pause the clock display, but not stop the clock. You push the lap-time
button, read the time, and push the lap-time button again whereupon the display picks up at the current running time.
If the start
and finish are at two different locations you will need to use GPS clocks. Digital “Atomic” clocks can be had
for not much money, and they ensure GPS-synchronized time between far-removed locations.
Now that I mention it, if you DO start and finish at separate
locations you will need to double your timing team volunteer requirements (now ten people).
One thing that many races do that the racers like, is to
have a person back at “Race Central” who is connected via cell phone to the timers, and takes each racer’s
times as they are recorded by the timer’s recorder, and who then does data entry into the scoring spreadsheet. Real
time data entry saves a lot of time for the host (you) to do data entry from paper forms after everyone has finished. The
paper is still the master, but the computer can display speeds as they come in.
A further refinement is to slave a second monitor and have it turned so that pilots
can land, come to Race Central and immediately see their speed, along with everyone else’s (who has finished).
be your biggest resource, and finding them may be your most difficult job. Other pilots who aren’t interested in running
your race will be good choices. Your local EAA chapter is another. Sometimes there are airport organizations (airport board)
from which you can draw volunteers.
We frequently describe our events as a cross between the Reno National Championship Air Races and an EAA picnic.
Try to gather a group of people who would be comfortable in those environments.
Your airport manager could be a good resource as well. Or your biggest headache.
Let’s take a moment here to
talk about your “standing” as a race host.
You will publish and execute your race as day-VFR flights. There is nothing about what we do that needs to
be “approved” by anyone (with the exception of the FAA if you choose to get a speed waiver). Your event is you
and perhaps 30 of your closest friends all getting together to fly to the same places at about the same time.
Now that is somewhat of a simplification,
and if you do a flying start and/or finish you will be impacting the airport traffic, and having the good will of the airport
and city is useful – but not critical. This applies to Turn Points as well. If you choose to turn on an uncontrolled
airport, they have nothing to say about the matter BUT you are obligated to ensure your racers do not impact safety by mandating
a minimum turn altitude which is above their pattern altitude. You can also use the extremity of the airport that gets your
aircraft in and out as quickly as possibly (e.g. use the South end of the runway to turn on if approaching from the South)
with as little time in the pattern area as possible.
Once your wheels leave the ground the airport manager and city council has nothing more to say about your activity
than they do about a poker run or a fly-out or any other VFR flight that originates at the airport…especially
if you arrange to start and finish at an off-field location.
Do not let anyone put you on the defensive about your race. If you intend to use a public
airport from which to run the race, then you have all the rights and privileges as if you were flying there alone.
OK – enough of that.
Your timing team is described above
in the Timing the Race section, but there are other volunteer positions that, if filled, will help make the race run more
- Registration is something that almost anyone can do, provided with the right materials and
instruction. The race host will be provided with a spreadsheet giving the racers who are registered, and a break
down of fees due from each racer. The registration process can get hectic especially if you have a lot of last minute
registrations (always close registration 30 minutes prior to the briefing to give time to sort out a start order, assemble
a roll call and generally so you have time to breathe before the brief. It will be beneficial if the registration
table has a laptop computer into which those last-minute registrations can be entered. Someone who can handle an Excel
spreadsheet would be best.
- A Ramp Marshal whose job it is to get the aircraft started and taxiing in the correct start
order. After the start order has been determined, this person will have a printed copy of the order and they will
run around the ramp getting your planes in line. If this person doesn’t have a cart or bicycle or other wheels,
best that they be healthy enough to run around for 20 minutes at a time.
- A Flagger or Starter can help
maintain launch sequencing. As I point out in the briefing section, you should stress the importance of your racers not
bunching up on the start, in order that the timers can get a good recording of everyone’s start time.
Having someone enforce the 30 second launch interval will help.
This is something you can have fun with. We’ve had the
town Mayor do the starts, we’ve had local “celebrities” do the starts, we’ve considered having a girl
in a string bikini do the starts (somewhat distracting for the male racers!). You can make the starting “official”
an honor for someone – and it’ll help you out too.
All of these slots can be immensely helpful, but you can
make do without. Many’s the time when we gave a launch order at the brief, and the racers got themselves sorted out
and managed the intervals in the launch. You can do the registration yourself, or one of your timers can serve double duty
(just make sure they get to the start line in time!). This does not need to be a cast of thousands!
- Turn Observers / Judges positioned at turnpoints can help ensure your racers do not
cut turns. It may not be possible for every turn to have an observer. Simply brief,
“There are five turns in the course. There are three turn observers. The trick
is to know which three turns they’re at.” They’ll get the message. Communicate
the final start order to your turn observers via cell phone and they will have an idea what aircraft they can expect in what
order (discounting passing). Turn cuts are 15 second penalties – be sure to check with your observers
before you do the final scoring.
As you are probably aware there are certain speed limits in US airspace:
FAR 91.117 (a)
"Unless otherwise authorized
by the Administrator, no person may operate an aircraft below 10,000 feet MSL at an indicated airspeed of more than 250 knots
"Unless otherwise authorized or required by ATC, no person may operate an aircraft at or
below 2500 feet above the surface within 4 nautical miles of the primary airport of a Class C or Class D airspace area at
an indicated airspeed of more than 200 knots (230MPH)." This speed also applies underneath a Class B shelf.
The key point in these two rules
is indicated airspeed. Not TAS, not ground speed, indicated.
Our racers often get some great tailwinds out on the course…
When you have aircraft registered that are capable of exceeding
these limits, you might want to obtain a waiver.
It is not likely that your course will be affected by 91.117(b), but 91.117(a) covers
the whole of the country.
Race awards are
a very individual thing and range from nothing (literally!) to expensive trophies from a trophy shop.
Our awards tend to fall in the middle, either home made
by the host or inexpensive items like Sports medals.
This is in keeping with the low-budget operation of The League where the focus is on having fun together, learning
how to make our aircraft more efficient, and not the glitter of award hardware or big prize money.
Recognition for effort is one thing – turning the
race into a cut-throat competition is another.
This is another reason that experience and participation before hosting your own race is a good thing; so you
can see the breadth of awards and experience the reaction to them.
Race Organizing Checklist
This checklist was prepared by Sam Hoskins, veteran race host. It
may need tweaking to suit your particular needs, but is a good place to start.
· Look for sponsors
Make list of phone numbers
Advertising flyer for distribution to local airports
o Local news
Timing crew (5 persons)
o Primary, backup & spotter
Timer sighting fixtures
· Ramp Marshall (and assistant)
Parking - transient & fixed base
· Pilot check-in (2 persons)
o List of racers
o Medical, license & insurance
(get group rates) & transportation
o Friday night dinner
Restaurant/bar vs. hangar hangout
§ Breakfast & Lunch
point (pylon) spotters
Make sure fuel/fuelers available
o Hangar deals
Emergency hangar for weather
· Race info
Fly the course to verify route.
o Identify potential hazards/conflicts. Route photos - hard copy
o Contact airport managers at airports used as turn points
· Race procedures
o Contact tower (if applicable)
about departure procedure, inbound checkpoints, call signs, timing etc.
o Radio frequencies
sheet (SARL) scoring software
Relay person at timing station
o Display & print out results
o Trophies or certificates (high cost / low cost)?
o Speed waiver